Building a CI/CD pipeline with Docker

CI/CD Terminology :

Docker Registry: A repository of images. Registries are public or private that contain images for download. Some registries allow users to upload images to make them available to others

Dockerfile: A configuration file with build instructions for Docker image.Dockerfile automate the steps for image customization.

As we discussed two types of registry are available:

Public Docker Registry: Users just want to explore or want a in-build solution. They can use hosted docker registries. Docker hub is the example of public registry where user can host the registry.

Private Docker Registry: Lot of organization have security concern for public docker registry.

CI/CD workflow

  • Developers pushes a Commit to Github
  • Github uses a webhook to notify jenkins for update
  • Jenkins pull the Github repository, including the dockerfile describing the image as well as the application and test code
  • Jenkins builds a docker image on the jenkins slave node
  • Jenkins intestates the docker container¬† on the slave node and does appropriate testing.
  • If image are successful the image is pushed to docker registry.
  • An tester/ user an pull the image from the docker registry and use it.


¬†echo “# projectnode” >>
git init
git add
git commit -m “first commit”
git remote add origin
git push -u origin master

Jenkins setup

sudo wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/jenkins.repo
sudo rpm –import
yum install jenkins

Installing Github plugins on jenkins : http<ip>:8080

Create slave node in Jenkins->configuration->Manage nodes

Create a project in jenkins and configure it for source code management

Now map the gitlab in jenkins project

Note: I have created local gitlab in my centos follow the steps mentioned in below blog:

Even we can create local docker registry as well

yum install docker-registry

systemctl start docker-registry

In this blog we have created gitlab,jenkins and docker registry.

Now push docker file and code to gitlab. Configure the webhook in git and configure jenkins.

Below is the git configuration


All the components of CI/CD are ready in-house lab.